The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their disposal is an international treaty that provides the regulation for the movement of wastes between Parties.
The management of hazardous waste has been an environmental concern of the international community since the early 1980s, when it became one of the three priority areas of the first Program for the Development and Periodic Review of Environmental Law (Montevideo Program) of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) in 1981. The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (hereinafter referred to as “the Basel Convention”) was adopted in 1989 after public outcry over the discovery in Africa and other parts of the developing world in the 1980s of toxic waste dumps imported from abroad. It was in this context that the Basel Convention was negotiated at the end of the 1980s, whose main idea when it was adopted was to fight what has been called the trade in toxic waste. The Convention entered into force in 1992.